What Should My Gain Be Set At?

What is proper gain staging?

Gain staging, or gain structuring, is the act of setting the gain for each amplification stage (gain stage) in a sound system to achieve a target system volume that minimizes noise and distortion.

Said another way, proper gain staging allows your sound system to achieve the best signal-to-noise ratio..

What dB level should I mix at?

I recommend mixing at -23 dB LUFS, or having your peaks be between -18dB and -3dB. This will allow the mastering engineer the opportunity to process your song, without having to resort to turning it down.

What should I set my low pass filter to?

As a general rule, the Low-Pass Filter should be set at a value approximately equal to (or below) 70% of your main speaker’s lowest frequency response. For example, your speaker’s frequency response goes down to 43Hz. 70% of 43Hz equals 30.1, so you should set the subwoofer’s low pass filter to 30Hz.

What level should my master be at?

Again, you want to aim for a healthy level that isn’t so low that it’s near the noise floor of any plugins on the master fader that may produce some kind of simulated analog noise or hiss, but for the most part, as long as regular peaks are happening above -20 dBFS, this will be fine for mastering from.

Does gain increase volume?

Gain can be thought of as the input volume to the preamp stage (gain adjustments can produce changes in overall volume, which might account for some of the confusion between the terms), although it’s more of a tone control than a volume control.

What should I set my high pass filter to?

The recommended settings are based on the assumption that the speakers have a diameter of at least 5.25 inches. For smaller speakers, frequency for the High-Pass Filter should be higher than 80 Hz. You can start with 300 Hz and then keep tuning it down as you listen to the sound quality.

What is a good crossover frequency?

What is the recommended crossover frequency for a subwoofer? For THX Certified and non THX Certified home theater systems, 80 Hz is the recommended setting. However, you can set the crossover (LPF) between 80 Hz – 120 Hz based on which setting sounds best for your system.

What Hz is best for bass?

20-120 HzA 20-120 Hz rating is best for bass in most subwoofers. The lower the Hz, the more is the bass you can get. Some of the best subwoofers in the market have this Hz range. If you are buying a subwoofer that has a fixed Hz rating, you should ensure it is lower than 80 Hz if the bass is important to you.

What is gain staging in logic?

What is gain staging? Gain staging is level management. It comes from the analogue days where it was essential to get a good signal-to-noise ratio whilst preventing clipping the channel. … Gain staging was also very necessary to make sure that the level going into each hardware unit was optimal.

Is gain the same as volume?

So remember: gain and volume are very similar concepts, but their difference is very important to your mix. Volume is how loud the OUTPUT of the channel or amp is. … Gain is how loud the INPUT of the channel or amp is. It controls tone, not loudness.

What should I set my HPF and LPF to?

You usually set the HPF with a steep slope say 24db/octave because you are trying to protect the sub from damage and a 12-18db/octave on the LPF because you want it to kinda “blend” in with your mids. The steeper the slope (db/octave) the less your sub will creep into the neighboring frequencies.

What should my rms level be?

If you’re using a basic VU readout to measure average RMS (Root Mean Square) level, 0 on the meter should be referenced to between -7 and -9 dBFS (setting 0 = -6 dBFS or less is almost asking for trouble). If you’re checking peak levels, make sure they do not exceed -. 3 dBFS.

What should I set my amp settings to?

Getting a Good Clean ToneSelect your clean channel or turn the gain down if you don’t have multiple channels. … Turn off all amp effects and effect pedals. … Bring the bass, mid & treble knobs all to 12 o’clock. … Keep the gain fairly low and adjust the volume to a suitable level. … Jam for a while to get a feel for the tone.More items…•

How important is gain staging?

Gain staging is important because it directly pertains to the volume relationships within our mix. When used effectively, it will avoid increasing the noise floor and keep noise to a minimum. Gain staging will also allow us to maximize the dynamic range of a track while preserving overall headroom in the mix.

How loud should your master be?

How loud should your master be? Shoot for about -23 LUFS for a mix, or -6db on an analog meter. For mastering, -14 LUFS is the best level for streaming, as it will fit the loudness targets for the majority of streaming sources. With these targets, you’re good to go!

What should subsonic filter be set to?

Since the Hz setting on the subsonic filter is the start of a slope, not a cutoff, we want to set it higher than 20 Hz. The sweet spot for getting some pounding bass without destroying your subwoofer is between 25 Hz and 35 Hz.