What Do Urine Tests Show?

What can be found in a urine test?

Urine can be tested for particular proteins, sugars, hormones or other chemicals, certain bacteria and its acidity or alkalinity.

Doctors can also tell a lot from how your urine looks and smells..

What does a urine culture show?

A urine culture is a test that can detect bacteria in your urine. This test can find and identify the germs that cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). Bacteria, which typically cause UTIs, can enter the urinary tract through the urethra.

What infections can be found in urine?

The most common cause for WBCs in urine (leukocyturia) is a bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI), such as a bladder or kidney infection. In addition to WBCs, bacteria and RBCs may also be seen in the microscopic examination. If bacteria are present, the chemical test for nitrite may also be positive (see below).

What does it mean if you test positive for leukocytes in your urine?

Leukocyte esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine. This may mean you have a urinary tract infection. If this test is positive, the urine should be examined under a microscope for white blood cells and other signs that point to an infection.

Can a positive UTI test be an STD?

However, it could also be a sexually transmitted disease (STD) like chlamydia or gonorrhea. Because UTIs share symptoms with some STDs, many people incorrectly assume they have a UTI when they really have an STD, or vice versa.

Can a regular urinalysis detect STD infection?

A urinalysis can give clues to the presence of sexually transmitted infections. A positive dipstick for leukocyte esterase or increased numbers of white blood cells in the microscopic exam is suggestive of chlamydia or gonoccocal infection.

Is it normal to have debris in your urine?

Causes. The sediment you see in urine can be made up of a variety of substances, including sloughing of tissue (debris), crystals, casts, small stones, or cells. Depending on the type of sediment, the cause may vary considerably. The most common cause of sediment in the urine is a urinary tract infection.

What can a urine test detect STD?

Urine testing is currently primarily used to detect bacterial STDs. Chlamydia and gonorrhea urine tests are widely available. Trichomoniasis urine tests are also available, but they are less common. The gold standard for diagnosing bacterial STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, used to be bacterial culture.

What should not be found in urine?

Red blood cells, white blood cells, protein, glucose and amino acids should be kept in the blood. These components should not be present in urine. water and salt is needed by the body and will remain in the blood.

What does a positive urine culture mean?

A “positive” or abnormal test is when bacteria or yeast are found in the culture. This likely means that you have a urinary tract infection or bladder infection. Other tests may help your provider know which bacteria or yeast are causing the infection and which antibiotics will best treat it.

Can urine culture detect kidney infection?

To confirm that you have a kidney infection, you’ll likely be asked to provide a urine sample to test for bacteria, blood or pus in your urine. Your doctor might also take a blood sample for a culture — a lab test that checks for bacteria or other organisms in your blood.