What Country Has Malaria The Most?

What countries have malaria problems?

Epidemics occur most often in areas with unstable malaria, such as Ethiopia, northern India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, and southern Africa.

Many other African countries situated in the Sahelian and Sub-Saharan areas are susceptible to epidemics (Djimdé and others 2004; Worrall, Rietveld, and Delacollette 2004)..

Is malaria the number one killer in the world?

With the exception of tuberculosis, malaria kills more people than any other communicable disease in the world. Approximately 300–500 million individuals throughout the world are infected with Plasmodium spp., and 1.5 to 2.7 million people a year, most of whom are children, are being killed by the disease.

What damage does malaria do to the body?

As many diseases caused by protozoan parasites, malaria has shown to cause detrimental effect on cardiac and skeletal muscles [5–7, 11]. Malaria in humans leads to muscle weakness, muscle fatigue, respiratory distress, kidney and liver failure, and can lead to cardiac myopathies.

Is malaria contagious through kissing?

Malaria is not contagious and you can’t catch it from physical contact with someone who has it. The malaria parasite is not in an infected person’s saliva and it is not passed on from one person to another. The only way you can catch malaria from a person is through blood transfusions or organ transplants.

Who found cure for malaria?

The discovery of a potent antimalarial treatment by Youyou Tu of China, awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, is “one of the greatest examples of the century” of the translation of scientific discovery, according to malaria expert Dyann Wirth of Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Is malaria a virus?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.

Where did Malaria originally come from?

Human malaria likely originated in Africa and coevolved with its hosts, mosquitoes and non-human primates. Malaria protozoa are diversified into primate, rodent, bird, and reptile host lineages. Humans may have originally caught Plasmodium falciparum from gorillas.

Why is there no malaria in North America?

Malaria transmission in the United States was eliminated in the early 1950s through the use of insecticides, drainage ditches and the incredible power of window screens. But the mosquito-borne disease has staged a comeback in American hospitals as travelers return from parts of the world where malaria runs rampant.

How does malaria kill?

HOW IT KILLS. If drugs are not available or if the parasites are resistant to them, malaria infection can develop to anemia, hypoglycemia or cerebral malaria, in which capillaries carrying blood to the brain are blocked. Cerebral malaria can cause coma, life-long-learning disabilities, and death.

Which body part does Malaria affects the most?

Beyond the brain, the lungs are the most affected organ in severe malaria. Lung dysfunction occurs in 20% of all cases of adults with falciparum [3] or vivax [27] severe malaria.

What is the biggest killer of humans in history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

Why is there no malaria in Europe?

Malaria was eradicated from Europe in the 1970s through a combination of insecticide spraying, drug therapy and environmental engineering. Since then, it has been mostly imported into the continent by international travellers and immigrants from endemic regions.

Does malaria ever go away?

With proper treatment, symptoms of malaria usually go away quickly, with a cure within two weeks. Without proper treatment, malaria episodes (fever, chills, sweating) can return periodically over a period of years. After repeated exposure, patients will become partially immune and develop milder disease.

What country is malaria most common in?

Malaria cases Fifteen countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 80% of the global malaria burden. Five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide: Nigeria (25%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), India (4%) and Uganda (4%).

What event killed the most humans?

Wars and armed conflicts with highest estimated death tolls of 100,000 or moreEventLowest estimateLocationWorld War II60,000,000WorldwideThree Kingdoms36,000,000ChinaMongol conquests30,000,000EurasiaEuropean colonization of the Americas8,400,000Americas48 more rows

What is the number one killer in the world?

Cardiovascular disease is the top cause of death globally.

Does malaria weaken immune system?

Plasmodium, the parasite responsible for malaria, impairs the ability of key cells of the immune system to trigger an efficient immune response. This might explain why patients with malaria are susceptible to a wide range of other infections and fail to respond to several vaccines.

Does Malaria stay in your body?

Another type of malaria, P. malariae, if not treated, has been known to stay in the blood of some people for several decades. However, in general, if you are correctly treated for malaria, the parasites are eliminated and you are no longer infected with malaria.

What are the main causes of malaria?

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The most common antimalarial drugs include:Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are, in many cases, the first line treatment for malaria. There are several different types of ACTs. … Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.