Question: Who Is The 2nd Governor General Of India?

How many governor general are there in British India?

List of Governors-GeneralName (Birth–Death)Term of officeAppointerWarren Hastings (1732–1818)20 October 1773East India Company (1773–1858)John Macpherson (acting) (1745–1821)8 February 1785Charles Cornwallis The Marquess Cornwallis (1738–1805)12 September 1786John Shore (1751–1834)28 October 179344 more rows.

Who was the worst governor general of India?

The personification of the worst aspects of colonialism. Even in his lifetime, Nicholson had his critics. Sir John Lawrence, later governor general and viceroy of India, found him difficult to work with and far too keen on confronting and humiliating Indian leaders.

When did English came to India?

1830sEnglish language public instruction began in India in the 1830s during the rule of the East India Company (India was then, and is today, one of the most linguistically diverse regions of the world). In 1835, English replaced Persian as the official language of the Company.

Who was the last governor general of British India?

Chakravarti RajagopalachariLouis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Who is the first governor general of British India?

Warren HastingsWarren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England.

Which Viceroy has longest tenure in India?

Lord LinlithgowSolution(By Examveda Team) Governor General and Viceroy of India (1936-1944) Lord Linlithgow was Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1944 and this eight years period was longest reign as Viceroy of India.

Who was the Viceroy of India during First World War?

Charles Hardinge2, 1944, Penshurst, Kent), British diplomat and viceroy of India who improved British relations in India and was instrumental in securing India’s support for Great Britain in World War I. A grandson of Lord Hardinge, governor-general of India in 1844–48, Charles Hardinge entered the diplomatic service in 1880.

What is the difference between Governor General and Governor?

Governor General was the head of all governors of states under East India Company. After the power shifted in the hands of British Crown, Viceroy was appointed, who was the head of colonial India and governed the territory on behalf of British Crown.

Who was the 1st Governor of Bengal?

Robert CliveRobert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

Who was the first governor of free India?

Chakravarti RajagopalachariNew Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General. He was also the last one.

Who was the second last Viceroy of India?

Lord MountbattenList of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

Which viceroy was killed in India?

Lord MayoSher Ali was given life imprisonment at the penal settlement in Andaman Islands, when he stabbed and killed Lord Mayo, during the British Viceroy’s official visit to Port Blair on 8th February 1872.

Who was the best governor general of India?

Top 10 Governor-Generals of India and their RolesLord Amherst, 1823-1828: … Lord William Bentinck, 1828-1835: … Lord Bentinck’s Foreign Policy: … Charles Metcalfe, 1835-1836: … Lord Auckland, 1836-42: … Lord Ellenborough, 1842-44: … Ranjit Singh: … Lord Hardinge, 1844-48:

Who introduced the doctrine of lapse?

Lord DalhousieDoctrine of lapse, in Indian history, formula devised by Lord Dalhousie, governor-general of India (1848–56), to deal with questions of succession to Hindu Indian states.

How many viceroys were there in India?

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Willingdon1931 – 1936Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944Lord Wavell1944 – 1947Lord Mountbatten1947-4816 more rows