How Does Retarding Timing Affect An Engine?

What does retarding your timing do?

Retarding the timing means the plug fires later in the compression stroke (closer to TDC).

Retarding the timing can help reduce Detonation.

This is because the cylinder pressure won’t reach it’s max until the piston is already headed back down on the Power Stroke.

Engine damage and overheating can also be a problem..

Can timing affect engine temp?

It can also be seen that advancing the timing increases the peak temperature (see Fig. 16.18) achieved during combustion, but tends to decrease the release temperature, while retarding reduces the peak temperature but increases the release temperature.

Does advancing timing increase idle?

If the base timing is retarded 5 degrees from spec the engine will become lazy, and harder to start. It will produce less power(torque) off idle and rev slower. Advance timing, and response increases, easier to start, more power(torque) off idle. … Some engines use the vacuum advance to advance timing at idle.

Will advance timing cause rich?

Not enough timing advance will only cause knock if you are already running too rich causing knock. So that kind of goes hand in hand. Bear in mind that while a leaner mixture can allow more timing, a leaner mixture also creates more heat, causing that extra timing to make some knock.

Is it better to run lean or rich?

Running lean can give you more power but to lean will blow your engine. Running too rich can also hurt your motor. Think of it when you are mixing gas for your weed wacker. It is always safe to add a little more oil than not enough to the mixture.

What should timing advance be at idle?

In addition, the WSM says spark advance should be between 6 to 18 degrees BTDC at idle.

Will an engine run if timing is 180 degrees off?

180* off means that the rotor is roughly pointing at the #6 plug wire on the cap at TDCC. Won’t run like that. Sounds like you’re timing is retarded like John mentioned. Check that the firing order on the cap is correct.

Does advancing timing make engine run hotter?

A lean fuel mixture will overheat your car right now. … Retarded timing contributes to overheating. Advanced timing helps cooling. Bump up your initial timing a few degrees and see if it helps the car run cooler.

How do you set a cam timing without marks?

How to Set the Ignition Timing With No Timing MarksMark the spark plug wires for the cylinder number using a short piece of masking tape on each wire. … Rotate the engine clockwise and observe the valves on the number one cylinder. … Locate the number one spark plug wire on distributor cap and make a tic-mark of this position with a marker pen on the distributor housing.More items…

Does advancing timing make more power?

Changing the timing value up or down changes the engine speed up or down for the optimum ignition timing. The engine speed operating range affects where the timing is the best. Increasing the timing advance raises the high-end power, reducing the low-end.

What are the symptoms of bad timing?

A broken timing belt could cause a very expensive problemTicking noise coming from the engine. The timing belt is attached by way of a series of pulleys to the engine’s crank and cam shaft. … Engine won’t turn over. … Engine misfires. … Oil leaking from in front of the motor.

Does timing affect air fuel ratio?

Altering the timing does not affect the AFR of the cylinder. The AFR from a carby is not able to be affected by whatever timing you put into a cylinder, it may be affected by the air flow change due to VE changing with timing etc but thats a different issue. That change is due to fuel curve considerations.

How much ignition timing is too much?

There is no such thing as too much ignition timing. The terminology for petrol engines with spark plugs is degrees before top dead centre, or degrees after top dead centre. So the question comes down to – too much retardation, or too much advance. Retarded ignition would not enable the engine to achieve maximum rpm.

Does ignition timing affect vacuum?

If vacuum is steady at idle but lower than normal, the ignition or valve timing may be retarded. Low compression, an intake leak or tight valves also can cause low vacuum at idle. … Higher-than-normal vacuum at idle is a common clue to overly advanced ignition timing, while low vacuum can indicate retarded timing.

How do I know if my ignition timing is too advanced?

Symptoms of incorrect ignition timing are poor fuel economy, sluggish acceleration, hard starting, backfiring, or “pinging” or “spark knock”. Too little spark advance will cause low power, bad gas mileage, backfiring, and poor performance. Too much advance will cause hard starting and pre-ignition.

What happens if ignition timing is too advanced?

If ignition timing is too far advanced, it will cause the fuel-and-air mixture to ignite too early in the combustion cycle. This can cause the amount of heat generated by the combustion process to increase and lead to overheating of the engine.

Can you set timing without a timing light?

to set your base timing without a light, you just turn the motor over in it’s normal direction of rotation until the mark lines up with where you want it.. loosen up the distributor and hook up a spare spark plug to the #1 plug wire.. turn the distributor until it sparks..